Excellent flavour and first to turn red. We are continuously amazed at Carmen’s earliness, sweet flavour and dependability. An All America Standards winner that is perfect for use in salads or roasting, Very sweet and quite heavy yielding. This hybrid was developed to set fruit under cooler conditions so it is a great choice for short season areas. 65 days to green and 80 days to red from transplanting. Seed Count: Approx. 20 seeds/pkg. Starter Plants: 6/pkg.
Starter Plant Minimum Purchase Required: When purchasing Starter Plants you must purchase a minimum of 12 plants, this can be a combination of any 2 pkgs of 6 plants (or 1 collection of 12 plants).
Pepper Seed Planting: Peppers require a long, warm growing season. Seed should be started indoors in March or 8 weeks prior to transplanting. To start seed indoors, sow 2-3 seeds 1⁄4 inches deep, in 1x1 inch cells and provide constant moisture and a soil temperature of 26-29 degrees C. After germination (1-2 weeks), thin seedlings to one per cell. Once seedlings develop 2-3 true leaves, transplant into larger containers (2x2 inches or 3x3 inches). At transplanting time, set transplants 18 inches apart in rows 30 inches apart.
Starter Plants Upon Arrival: Please open blister packs and notify us immediately by email, or by phone at 1-800-363-7333 if there is a problem with your plugs.
Drench the root balls with water. These young plants must be potted as soon as possible upon arrival. Handle these plugs gently. Plugs are rooted cuttings that are started in trays of individual cells. They are ready to be transferred into larger pots to continue growing. After several weeks they can be placed outside (after last frost date) and will provide you with several months of beauty and enjoyment!
Transplant your plants individually into any 3-4 inch pots or directly into a hanging basket, large container or window box. We recommend 3-4 plugs per 8-10" hanging basket, or 6-9 plugs per 12" basket. In a mixed container do not plant too close to the edge. Keep plants at least 2-3 inches away from the container rim to prevent the roots from getting too hot or dry. Handle the plug by the root ball, never by the stem. Use a peat based soilless mix that contains perlite or vermiculite for drainage. Handle the plug by the root ball, never by the stem. Place the plant in the center of the pot and at the same depth at which it is already growing. Gently firm the soil around the new plant and water in well.
Growing Conditions: Provide lots of sunlight or artificial light. If you must place pots on your windowsills, be aware that it may get very hot on sunny days and very cold at night. Plants may dry out or get frost or heat damage. Turn containers frequently to allow plants to grow evenly. Protect plants from extreme temperature swings. Room temperature is fine. Water whenever potting mix is dry to the touch. Feed regularly with any balanced water-soluble fertilizer. It is better to feed with a weak solution every time you water (constant feed), than with a strong solution every 2 weeks. You may also use a slow release fertilizer especially for containers, such as SmartCote Hanging Basket Food. Organic alternatives would be Jolly Farmer Earthworm Castings. Removing 1-2 sets of leaves from each stem or “pinching” may help some varieties stay bushy and produce more flowers.
Moving Outside: Gradually adjust your plants to outside conditions over a period of a week or two. First place them outside on a warm, calm day in the shade for a few hours. Work up to more sun, wind, and cooler temperatures and finally leave out overnight. Permanently place or plant them outside after your last spring frost date. Check moisture levels everyday, and water when neccesary. Continue to fertilize throughout the season. Watch out for the usual insect pests: whiteflies, aphids, thrips, and spider mites.
Growing Outdoors: Sheltered, full sun area with soil pH of 6.0-6.8. Peppers are moderate feeders and require plenty of compost and well-rotted manure mixed into the soil prior to planting. Fertilize sparingly until plants start to set fruit. Too much nitrogen causes an excess of foliage and dropping of flower buds. Provide even moisture, particularly during flowering and fruit set. Use black plastic or paper mulch to attract heat, hold water and prevent weeds.
Harvest: Begin harvest when peppers reach a useable size. Cut rather than pull from branch.
Problems: Blossoms will drop when temperature falls below 60 degrees F (15 degrees C) or goes above 80 degrees F (27 degrees C). Blossom End Rot-Fruits blacken and decay at the blossom end due to a calcium deficiency. Poor fruit set is usually due to cold weather. Excessive nitrogen fertilizer during early growth may also delay fruit set.
Pests & Disease: Aphids - small pear-shaped soft bodied insects, green, red or black in colour. Aphids feed by sucking plant sap which causes curled, stunted leaves and shoots and reduces plant vigour. Spray plants with an insecticidal soap.
Companions: Carrot, onion, parsnip, pea, basil.