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Seeding and Transplanting

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When direct seeding, overseed to ensure you will have sufficient germination. After germination, thin seedlings to the desired spacing.

For direct seeding, follow the instructions on the back of the package. A trick for direct seeding outside when the conditions are hot and dry, is to plant in the evening. Open the drill and water the soil, plant the seed and then cover the seed over. This usually works well for summer planting to ensure rapid and even germination. To get more from your garden, try direct seeding early maturing crops like radish and leaf lettuce or one of the companion crops, under your transplants, these crops can be harvested before the transplants get too large.

Transplant tomatoes, peppers or any other vegetable to its desired spacing.

As with any new plant introduced to the garden, watering is very important so they can establish a good root system. Be very vigilant about weeds so they don't take over or compete with your new seedlings. Mulching plants helps to conserve and hold moisture in the soil, retards weed growth, and depending on the crop, keeps the soil warm or cool. Various types of mulches include straw, leaves, grass clippings or a thick layer of compost. Black plastic mulches are used to draw heat into the soil for crops like tomatoes, peppers and melons, which love a long warm season. Flower beds are generally mulched with shredded bark mulch no thicker than 2". Keep mulch away from stems and crowns to prevent rotting. A winter mulch can be applied to protect newly planted or tender perennials. This can be straw, evergreen boughs, leaves or eelgrass.

Please Note: Perennials and other flowers seeded in the garden frequently fail to germinate properly because the surface of the soil cakes and prevents entry of water. To avoid this, sow the seeds in vermiculite-filled furrows. Don't let the seeds dry out or your seeds will die. Keep seedlings covered with a shade cloth or 'Reemay' blanket while they are young and tender to prevent sun burn or breakage from wind, animals, etc.