Maritime favourite. Excellent winter storage rutabaga. Smooth, uniform, fine quality roots with deep purple shoulders. Flesh is creamy yellow with extra fine flavour. Resistant to some races of club root. York has been the Grand Champion at the Royal Winter Fair in Toronto. Maturity 115-120 days. Untreated seed has approx. 1200 seeds/pkg.
Rutabaga, also called ‘swede’ or ‘winter turnip’, is globe shaped with yellow flesh and maroon coloured skin. Commonly grown for winter storage. ‘Summer Turnip’, is flatter in shape, and the flesh is usually white and roots are harvested during the summer.
Sow thinly 1⁄4 -1⁄2 inches deep. Space young plants to 4-6 inches apart in rows 24-30 inches apart. Sow seed as early as the soil can be worked for a mature crop for early market. For the main storage crop, plant in late June or early July, so that roots can develop in the cooler weather. Late plantings are less susceptible to root maggot damage. For an extra early crop, start indoors in April for transplanting in May.
Full sun and soil pH of 6.5. Moderate feeders; require a deep, loose cultivated soil with medium water retention. Apply generously, compost and well-rotted manure prior to planting. Benefits from regular feedings with a compost tea or fertilizer with higher amounts of phosphorous and potassium for good root development. Boron is a key trace element for the prevention of Brown Heart (water core). (Boron may also be applied separately as a spray 4-6 weeks after planting).
Turnips (summer): when they reach 3 inches in diameter. Rutabagas (winter): when roots are 4 inches in diameter up until they are 5-6 inches. You can leave your rutabagas in the ground until just before it freezes. Sweet flavour of rutabagas is enhanced by light frosts.
Pests & Diseases:
Clubroot can develop where turnips or cole crops have been frequently grown and will remain in the soil for 7 or more years. Clubroot thrives in acidic soil, keep the soil pH above 6.0. Practice good crop rotation. Root maggots can be avoided early in the season by covering plants with row covers.
Onion family, pea.